The Phalaenopsis orchid is the most common orchid variety sold in North America, and contrary to popular belief, it’s one of the lowest maintenance orchids out there.
Though, this doesn’t mean they’re the easiest plants to care for.
And if you’re here, you’re obviously wondering how to save your dying orchid – and as long as it’s not completely dead, you should be able to revive it in a few simple steps.
It will just take some time and patience.
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Whether you have unhealthy roots or initial signs of stem or crown rot, as long as you catch it early enough you can bring your orchid back to life.
Most orchids can be saved by removing the plant from the pot and media and cutting off rotten roots (sometimes even most of the stem).
Follow these steps to bring your dying orchid back to life.
Step 1: Observe the Orchid and Diagnose the Problem
First, take a close look at your orchid to determine its symptoms and what exactly is wrong with it. You need to be able to tell if your orchid is dying or just dormant.
If you’re a first time orchid parent, there’s a chance that your orchid is just in its resting phase.
For example, if your orchid flowers are dying, that doesn’t mean the plant is gone and that you should throw it out.
Flowers on any orchid will eventually die and fall off, and the stem where they bloomed will go partly brown.
If you have brown stems (flowers spikes) your orchid is not dead! It then enters into dormancy for a while, but will rebloom again in 6 months to a year in the right conditions.
If the leaves are a nice olive green color and void of wrinkles, you have a healthy orchid.
If the leaves are dark green, this indicates it needs more light and is a simple, early sign that it’s becoming stressed.
Sometimes orchids will lose their bottom leaves naturally. If a leaf at the bottom is turning yellow and thin, but you have new growth coming from the top, your orchid is okay. It’s just shedding old leaves to direct energy to the new growth.
The biggest culprit of a dying orchid is overwatering or letting your orchid sit in standing water. This can manifest through root, stem or crown rot.
And rotting plant matter leads to fungus gnats.
Signs of dying orchids usually include limp leaves that look dehydrated and roots that are yellow, brown, mushy and sometimes black and crispy.
The most common reason for a dying orchid is from root rot, caused by either too much water or the wrong type of potting mixture that doesn’t allow for drainage.
If your orchid is losing all of its leaves or all the leaves are turning yellow, this is a sign of crown rot or stem rot and it may not be able to survive.
However, if it has any aerial roots left, you should be able to salvage it.
Aerial roots are those that are growing above the potting media.
If you have any of these on your plant, you’re in good shape for reviving the orchid, as these roots are less susceptible to rot.
If there are no roots left (or very few), your plant does not have the capacity to soak up the water and the nutrients that it needs.
If your orchid is succumbing to crown rot, the upper part of the stem (lower part of the leaves in the middle) will start turning brown, and black when it’s in its final stages.
Stem rot is also very similar and occurs when water gets trapped between the leaves.
So, if after closer inspection it’s looking a lot worse than just being done with flowering, you’ll have to remove it from its pot and get rid of everything else that’s rotting.
>> You might also like: Trouble with your String of Pearls? Find out why it’s dying and how to save it!
Step 2: Remove the Orchid and Discard Old Media
Gently remove the orchid from its pot. Remember, they like being root bound, so it might feel like it’s tight in there.
Gently squeeze the bottom of the plastic pot to help guide it out.
Remove all of the existing potting media attached to the roots – this is all the bark, chips, moss, mulch and bits of soil.
Be careful during this process as the roots like to wind themselves around the media mix.
Then, lightly rinse off the roots with water to clean them up from debris.
Now you’re left with just the exposed roots, which will be easier to see which ones you need to cut off.
Step 3: Cut off the Dead Roots
At this point, take a pair of sharp shears or a razor blade and sterilize it with rubbing alcohol.
Go ahead and start snipping off each dead or dying root, as much as you can.
Cut off all the roots that are yellow, brown and black, including bits that feel stringy. The yellow roots will be soft and mushy.
Any roots that are crispy, crunchy or feel hollow – cut those off too. Leave any roots that are green or have green tips meaning new growth.
Depending on the state of your orchid, you may have to cut off the entire stem.
If you have stem rot or your orchid roots have completely rotted away, you can cut off the stem.
Make the cut just below the leaves or just below where it looks like new roots are trying to come in.
If stem rot is occurring, you’ll need to cut away all the parts of the stem that are brown and mushy.
Also cut off any old flower spikes right down to the stem and clean up any dried leaves along the bottom of the stem.
If your orchid had been sitting in its pot and soil for some time and had started to rot, you could go the extra step to spray it with 3% strength hydrogen peroxide.
This will kill off any fungus or pests.
If you’ve determined that the orchid has signs of crown rot, hydrogen peroxide can also be effective at killing off any remaining rot and allow it to regrow.
Step 4: Repot Your Orchid
Choose a clear pot so that you can watch the roots grow and check up on it.
Make sure it has plenty of holes or slots along the side for ventilation and holes on the bottom for drainage.
Fill your pot about two thirds or a little more with your preferred potting mix. A mix of bark chips and moss is the best.
RePotme has the best orchid mix you can buy on Amazon.
Orchids also rebound well when placed in LECA – lightweight expanded clay aggregate. Read more about it here.
Then, place your orchid on top of the bark.
If it has enough healthy roots, you can help stabilize it by covering up the roots with a few more pieces of bark or mulch, but not too deep.
Try to guide the roots down into the pot so that they are pressed up against the sides. They like being tightly bound and this helps you monitor them.
If you had to cut the stem and there’s not much left of it, you can insert a stake into the soil first, lean the orchid up against it, and secure it with a plastic tie to keep it upright.
You could even use a plastic twist tie (like the ones at the grocery store) to secure the root to the orchid media, almost like a false root.
If you have very little stem left, let it rest on top of the bark chips and don’t cover it or bury it.
Then, use sphagnum moss to cover the top of the bark chips, about one inch thick.
This moss will keep the orchid hydrated by providing a little extra humidity, as well as helping promote root growth.
Using the moss is the key to bringing a dying orchid back to life and is a step that should not be missed, especially when it’s been the victim of root rot.
Keep the moss away from the stem of the orchid to avoid added moisture from which it’s trying to recover from.
Give the pot a quick watering but not too much.
Just enough to moisten the soil through.
You will want to keep the moss hydrated though, so you might have to mist it every day depending on how dry or humid your house is.
Lastly, use root booster to minimize the amount of shock from being replanted.
Step 5: Let the Orchid Come Back to Life
Place your orchid in a warm spot that receives filtered light.
An east facing window is ideal, north facing would also work.
Avoid placing your orchid directly in front of a south or west facing window as this will be too hot for your recovering orchid.
Even a healthy Phalaenopsis won’t be able to survive in that.
Now, all you can do is play the waiting game and monitor your orchid for signs of recovery or deterioration.
As long as you’ve followed all the steps above, it’s unlikely that it will become worse than what it was when you saved it.
It will just take some time to become a thriving Phal again. You will probably be waiting months, if not at least a full year or two.
But it will pay off in the end!
At this point you can continue to fertilize as you normally would.
I like to use the Miracle-Gro plant food, which comes in a mist bottle.
I just give the stem, roots and leaves a quick mist in between waterings.
The spray bottle makes it convenient and helps me avoid over watering. Plus, orchids love a little humidity
With some time and a little luck, your orchid should come back to life and one day rebloom for you!
Review my list of the 13 indoor plant tools I always use and get saving that orchid!
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